Was ist der tower of london

When William the Conqueror constructed a mighty stone tower at the centre des his london fortress an the 1070s, defeated Londoners must schutz looked on an awe. Now nearly 1000 years later, the Tower blieb has die capacity kommen sie fascinate und horrify.

Du schaust: Was ist der tower of london

As protector des the Crown Jewels, home des the Yeomen Warders und its legend guardians, the pampered ravens, die Tower now attracts over 3 million visitors a year. Here, ns Ceremony of the Keys and other traditions live on, as do die ghost stories und terrible tales of torture und execution.

But the Tower so has a richer and more complicated history, having been home to a vast array des institutions including ns Royal Mint, the Royal Armouries and even a zoo.


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Fortress. Palace. Prison.

As ns most for sure castle in the land, die Tower guarded royal possessions and even the royal family in times von war and rebellion.

But weil das 500 years monarchs deshalb used ns Tower together a how amazing luxurious palace.

Throughout history, ns Tower has so been a clearly shows symbol des awe and fear. Kings and queens imprisoned your rivals and enemies in ~ its walls. The stories des prisoners, rich und poor, still haunt die Tower.


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The Conqueror’s fortress

In the 1070s, William ns Conqueror, fresh from his victory yet nervous des rebellion, began zu build a massive abwesend fortress bei London to defend und proclaim his imperial power. Nothing prefer it had ever been seen bei England before.William to plan his mighty castle keep not only zu dominate the skyline, but deshalb the hearts und minds of the beat Londoners.The Tower took roughly 20 years zu build. Masons come from Normandy, bringing through them stein from Caen an France. Most von the really labour was provided von Englishmen.


The fortress expands

Throughout history, ns Tower has actually been adapted and developed kommen sie defend and control die nation.

Henry III (1216-72) und Edward ich (1272-1307) broadened William’s fortress, adding large ‘curtain’ (defensive) walls with a series des smaller towers, und enlarging ns moat.


Did sie know?

In 1240, Henry III had ns Tower’s good keep painted white, making it the White Tower.


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The middle ages Tower

They so transformed die Tower into England’s largest and strongest ‘concentric’ lock (with one ring von defences inside another).Inside, ns medieval kings constructed magnificent royal lodgings.

Image: Illustration von how ns Tower may schutz looked, c1300 über Ivan Lapper.


Tower des strength

Kings and queens used die Tower an times von trouble zu protect their possessions und themselves. Arms und armour were made, tested and stored here until ns 1800s.The Tower so controlled die supply of the nation’s money. Every coins of the kingdom were make at ns Tower Mint from die reign von Edward ich until 1810. Kings and queens also locked away your valuables und jewels at ns Tower und even today, die Crown Jewels space protected by a garrison von soldiers.


Did sie know?

The Tower’s defences fail once. During ns Peasants’ Revolt of 1381, rebels ran in through the open gates!


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The Bloodier Tower

The Tower of london has also been die infamous setting for stories des royal tragedy and death.

During the Wars des the Roses, Henry VI was murdered here an 1471 and, later, ns children of his good rival Edward IV – the Princes in the Tower - vanished in ~ its walls bei 1483.

In 1674, 2 skeletons were unearthed at die Tower.

The bones were re-examined in 1933 and proved kommen sie be those of two guys aged about 12 and 10, exactly die same ages as ns princes wie they disappeared.

Image: Henry VI was supposedly murdered while hinweisen prayer bei the King"s private Chapel an the Wakefield Tower.


The royal residence guards

The famed Yeoman Warders, recognised as symbols of the Tower every over ns world, oase been here weil das centuries. Castle were originally part des the Yeomen von the Guard, the monarch’s angestellter bodyguard who travelled v him.

Henry VIII (1507-47) decreed the some von them would stay and guard ns Tower permanently.


Did sie know?

Henry VII's mitarbeiter guards were the first 'Beefeaters', so named together they to be permitted zu eat as much beef as they wanted from ns King's table.

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Ceremony of the Keys

Today ns Yeomen Warders or ns "Beefeaters" guard die visitors, but still carry out ceremonial duties, such together unlocking and locking the Tower every day in the Ceremony des the Keys.

They wear your red state ‘dress uniforms’ zum important occasions at ns Tower, and so for special events such as die firing von the huge cannon on the Wharf, recognized as the Gun Salutes.


Royal life und death

Medieval kings und queens lived an luxurious apartments at the Tower. Lock worshipped in the Chapel Royal, kept a menagerie von exotic pets (which lasted until ns 19th century) and welcomed foreign rulers at magnificent ceremonial occasions. 

Although long since vanished, there was once a splendid royal royal residence to ns south von the White Tower. Henry VIII modernised die rooms inside an preparation for the coronation of his new bride, ann Boleyn in 1533. She and the king feasted here in splendour the night before Anne processed in triumph v the city of london to Westminster Abbey.

Three years danach Anne was rückseitig at ns Tower, this time accused des adultery and treason. She was held in the exact same luxurious lodgings prior to being executed von sword on Tower Green.


Sent to the Tower

For end 800 years, men and women schutz arrived at ns Tower, uncertain of their fate. Part stayed zum only a couple of days, other many years.

During die Tudor age, die Tower became die most important zustand prison an the country. Anyone thought kommen sie be a danger to national security came here.

The future elizabeth I, Lady jane Grey, teacher Walter Raleigh und Guy Fawkes were every ‘sent to die Tower’. Even bei the 20th century, German spies were carried here and shot.

Image: The tonnage Moments des Lady jane Grey, hendrik Jacobus Scholten (1824-1907).


The Chapel Royal von St peter ad Vincula

The Chapel zu sein perhaps ideal known as being ns burial place von some von the most well known Tower prisoners. This encompass three queens of England: ann Boleyn, Catherine Howard und Jane Grey, all of whom to be executed within ns Tower in the 16th century.

Henry VIII"s wives were accused von adultery and treason. Lady jane Grey was an unfortunate pawn in a plot zu replace mar I and was executed zum high treason an 1554, aged just 17.

 


Did sie know?

After their execution, die headless bodies von the majesties were buried quickly and carelessly under the Chapel without any kind of memorial.


Resting an peace

In 1876, when ns Chapel was restored, die remains unearthed in the chancel, including those of Anne Boleyn, were reburied in ~ a marble pavement, inscribed with their names und coats of arms.


Legends and ghosts

The Tower has been a visitor attraction since ns 18th century, yet numbers von tourists increased dramatically bei the 1800s. Tourists were fascinated über the stories des England’s turbulent and sometimes gruesome history.

Stories of ghosts haunt die Tower. Anne Boleyn zu sein said zu stalk the site of herstellung execution ~ above Tower Green.

Arbella Stuart, the cousin of elizabeth I who starved while under arrest zum marrying without imperial permission, ist said zu frequent die Queen’s house still.

Two smaller ghosts are thought zu be ns ‘princes bei the Tower’, and the Yeomen Warders also tell a chilling tale des a large bear who occasionally appears kommen sie frighten visitors kommen sie death.


The Tower Ravens

One des the most renowned legends of the Tower surrounds die ravens. Ns story goes that should the ravens leave the Tower, both it and the kingdom möchte fall.

Seven ravens live at ns Tower today and are cared for von a specialized Yeoman Warder known as die Ravenmaster.


Did sie know?

These highly clever birds have one flight feather trimmed kommen sie stop them paris away.

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The Tower today

The Tower of london is still one the world’s top tourist attractions and a welt heritage site, attracting visitors from all over the world.

And when ns gates room locked and all the visitors schutz gone, die Tower embraces a thriving community within its walls. Die Tower of london is blieb home to ns Yeomen Warders und their families, die Resident Governor, und a garrison des soldiers. There ist a doctor und a chaplain. Und there ist even a pub!